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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Insecticide resistance and vector control found in the catalog.

Insecticide resistance and vector control

World Health Organization. Expert Committee on Insecticides.

Insecticide resistance and vector control

tenth report of the Expert Committee on Insecticides, [Geneva, 14-19 September 1959].

by World Health Organization. Expert Committee on Insecticides.

  • 155 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by World Health Organization in Geneva .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Insecticide resistance.,
  • Vector control.

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesTechnical report series / World Health Organization -- no. 191, Technical report series (World Health Organization) -- 191.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination98 p. :
    Number of Pages98
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22389973M

    Once insecticide resistance is established in a population, there is indeed a real danger of re-emergence of vector-borne diseases that had been presumed under control, even if in some instances resistance does not seem to compromise disease control on the short term (Brogdon and McAllister, ; Asidi et al., ).   John Clark has studied the mode of action of insecticides, particularly the pyrethroids, the molecular biology of insecticide resistance mechanisms, including insect pests and vectors of human disease, and human exposure issues to agrochemicals. Jeff Bloomquist has investigated mode of action and neurotoxicity of a broad rnge of synthetic insecticides, natural toxins, and drugs, as well as.

    The evolutionary dynamics of insecticide resistance in harmful arthropods has economic implications, not only for the control of agricultural pests (as has been well studied), but also for the control of disease vectors, such as malaria-transmitting Anopheles mosquitoes. Previous economic work on insecticide resistance illustrates the policy relevance of knowing whether insecticide resistance.   Historically, the practice of using an insecticide until resistance becomes a limiting factor has rapidly eroded the number of suitable/available insecticides for vector control. Rotations, mosaics, and mixtures have all been proposed as resistance management tools [, ] but there are very few “success stories” in public health.

      The development of resistance by malaria vectors against insecticides used for public health could potentially jeopardize the malaria vector control strategy in Ethiopia, and hence it is imperative to monitor the level and distribution of insecticide resistance to develop new effective vector control tool and/or plan sound insecticide.   Accordingly, insecticide resistance surveillance of the primary carriers of malaria; specifically Anopheles gambiae s.l. and An. funestus s.l. is part of PMI VectorLink’s vector control efforts in Africa. Data in each project country is systematically collected to account for the different types of malaria-carrying mosquito, a country’s.


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Insecticide resistance and vector control by World Health Organization. Expert Committee on Insecticides. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is a growing concern in many countries and requires immediate attention because of the limited chemical arsenal available for vector control. Bioassays were performed on F1 progeny of An.

sinensis reared from wild-caught females using the standard WHO susceptibility test with diagnostic concentrations. Insecticide resistance has been a problem in all insect groups that serve as vectors of emerging diseases.

Although mechanisms by which insecticides become less effective are similar across all vector taxa, each resistance problem is potentially unique and may involve a complex pattern of resistance Cited by: Although mechanisms by which insecticides become less effective are similar across all vector taxa, each resistance problem is potentially unique and may involve a complex pattern of resistance foci.

In the past decade, there has been rapid scale-up of insecticide-based malaria vector control in the context of integrated vector management (IVM). But, the continued efficacy of vector control interventions is threatened by the selection of insecticide resistance.

Evidence of insecticide resistance operationally undermining malaria vector control programmes is invariably mounting and Cited by: 1. In this chapter, we describe the main aspects of vector control—with a particular focus on insecticidal products commonly used in vector control as well as on mechanisms of insecticide resistance.

We also discuss the impact of insecticide resistance on malaria transmission. Vector control is a vital component of malaria control and elimination strategies as it can be highly effective in preventing infection and reducing disease transmission.

The 2 core interventions for malaria vector control are insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). For this purpose, there are urgent needs for new tools for vector control and insecticide resistance monitoring to improve the management of insecticide resistance in Aedes species.

Citation: Dusfour I, Vontas J, David J-P, Weetman D, Fonseca DM, Corbel V, et al. () Management of insecticide resistance in the major Aedes vectors of. Author summary Vector control interventions are essential to the success of global malaria control and elimination efforts but increasing insecticide resistance worldwide threatens to derail these efforts.

Releasing genetically modified mosquitoes that use gene drives to pass on desired genes and their associated phenotypic traits to the entire population within a few generations has been. In order to support the development of pesticide products to control vectors, facilitate the judicious use of insecticides and effectively manage insecticide resistance, there is a need to develop pesticide management systems based on regular monitoring and reporting of insecticide use by different vector-borne disease control programmes.

Insecticide resistance can be product specific, or it can develop to a certain class(es) of product. In order to delay or prevent the development of insecticide resistance in vector populations, integrated vector management programs should include a resistance management component (Florida Coordinating Council on Mosquito Control ).

Vector control professionals Objectives The primary objective is to provide guidance for using the CDC bottle bioassay as a surveillance tool for detecting insecticide resistance in mosquito vector populations.

This document is intended for state and local public health officials and vector control specialists. PREFACE. The target species addressed in this book and the control methods described have been selected for an audience of individuals and communities whose potential contribution to vector control is considerable, but may be restricted by factors such as lack of financial resources and limited education.

Prevention and management of insecticide resistance in vectors and pests of public health importance 1 1. Preface Insecticide resistance is the selection of a heritable trait in an insect population that results in an insect-control product no longer performing as intended.

Insecticides remain the mainstay of many tropical disease. However, in areas with high ITN coverage, IRS with a different non-pyrethroid insecticide, applied sequentially (in rotation), may be implemented to manage insecticide resistance; such a decision should be taken as part of an overall vector control strategy that takes into account available resources and alternative interventions, with a view.

Insecticide resistance is generally thought to increase longevity of resistant vectors, thereby increasing infectiousness of parasites and threatening vector control.

However, the development of resistance in a mosquito often comes with a price subsequently affecting the fitness of the vector [ ]. Insecticide resistance in a vector population is initially detected and characterized by using some sort of bioassay to determine whether a particular insecticide is able to control a vector at a given time.

Ideally, this fundamental question should be answered before a particular insecticide is chosen and procured for vector control. Get this from a library. Insecticide resistance and vector control; thirteenth report of the WHO Expert Committee on Insecticides.

[World Health Organization. Expert Committee on Insecticides.]. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube.

ABSTRACT Insecticide resistance has been a problem in all insect groups that serve as vectors of emerging diseases. Although mechanisms by which insecticides become less effective are similar across all vector taxa, each resistance problem is potentially unique and may involve a complex pattern of resistance foci.

The main defense against resistance is close surveillance of the. Buy Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management in Malaria Vectors Books online at best prices in India by World Health Organization from Buy Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management in Malaria Vectors online of India’s Largest Online Book Store, Only Genuine Products.

Lowest price and Replacement Guarantee. The evidence of pyrethroid resistance spreading in Africa is mounting [20,40,41] and in some cases has resulted in policy changes in vector control interventions [20,41,42]. High levels of pyrethroid and DDT resistance were detected for the first time in both the An.

gambiae s.s and An. funestus s.s in Zambia during this study, and these.Resistance mechanisms and their implications for vector control strategies are explained further in Box The global malaria community is responding to the potential threat posed by emerging insecticide resistance; in MayWHO launched the Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management in.Insecticide resistance to at least one insecticide currently used for malaria control has been discovered in at least 49 malaria-endemic countries around the world.

According to Pedro Alonso, Head of WHO Global Malaria Program, “Insecticide resistance is the greatest current threat to the future of malaria control and to the sustainability of.